Organic Farming may be defined as an integrated farming system that strives for sustainability, the enhancement of soil fertility, biological diversity with rare exceptions prohibiting synthetic pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, and genetically modified organisms & growth hormones. Organic farming is an alternate agricultural system which relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as manure, compost and bone meal. Organic farming places emphasis on techniques like crop rotation and companion planting and encourages biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators. In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while strictly limiting or prohibiting the use of synthetic substances. Naturally occurring pesticides such as pyrethrin and rotenone are permitted, whereas synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are prohibited in general. Synthetic substances that are allowed include elemental sulphur, copper sulfate and Ivermectin. Genetically modified organisms, nano materials, plant growth regulators, hormones, human sewage sludge and use in livestock husbandry are prohibited. Motives for promoting organic farming include real or perceived advantages in autonomy/independence, self-sufficiency, sustainability openness, health, food security and food safety. Organic agricultural methods are internationally regulated and legally enforced by many nations on the standards set by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), an international umbrella organization established in 1972.
Across Europe, organic delivers. In ten years, consumers have more than doubled their consumption of organic but demand is outstripping supply.The EU organic market grew at a very high rate of 7.4% in 2014 and retail sales valued at €24 billion. However, the increase in organic farmland area in the EU slowed – growing by just 1.1% and the number of producers actually fell by 0.2%.These growth trends highlight the importance of using the CAP and other agree-food policies to create a more positive environment in which farmers and food companies feel confident making significant investment decisions. Without these investments, Europe will not be able to meet the growing demand amongst EU consumers for organic food.A reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is necessary to help organic keep up with demand.
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Engineers who are specialized in the Specified topics like, Organic Farming, Agriculture, Soil science and soil-plant nutrition